Deinstitutionalisation has become central to social work, as it changed the lives of service users, its multidisciplinary work, its organisation, methods and the epistemological position. Recognition of service users’ strengths and potential for recovery in its new meaning became possible only with de-institutionalisation. This radical change has implications also to the interactions and power relations between social workers and service users, their family members, other professions and the general public.We explore the deinstitutionalisation in different settings. We learn from the experiences of people who have experienced institutionalisation and de-institutionalisation how to prevent mini institutionalisation and trans-institutionalisation in the community.
We will examine the question of how the institutions address the issue of crises. We will concentrate on the personal crisis and how to resolve it outside institutions or within the institutions with no restraint or closing. We will also explore the relationship of personal crises and social, political and economic crisis of the moment. More than this, we shall explore the institutional crisis and its relationship to the deinstitutionalisation. Does return to the community necessary mean the deinstitutionalisation? Can the lessons learned through the deinstitutionalisation of the health and social services be useful in the other walks of life? Is real deinstitutionalisation possible without recreating the community?