The specific subject of the course will be "Metaphysics and Critique of Metaphysics" (Metaphysik und Metaphysikkritik). Traditional and modern concepts of metaphysics will be studied, but as well the various modern contributions to the critique of metaphysics will be discussed. A specific focus of the course will be on the relation of metaphysics and religion as it is reflected in different conceptions in philosophy of religion and theology. Participants are asked to contribute a paper, which may be on various aspects of the subject or on other topics of philosophy of religion, for which the question of metaphysics may be of importance.
In a time "after Metaphysics" it is one of the major discourses in philosophy of religion, whether religion needs metaphysics - and how our understanding of religion changes, if this is questioned. Since some decades there is an "empirical turn" in the study of religion and in philosophy of religion; religion is conceived primarily as an anthropological, cultural and sociological phenomenon and not any longer as a way of perceiving the divine or transcendent. These developments have created some tensions with those traditions, which insist on the concept of transcendence and which do philosophy of religion ongoing or with new emphasis in the mode of metaphysics or transcendental philosophy. These modern and premodern forms of philosophy of religion are in conflict with descriptive, pluralistic and naturalistic approaches to the phenomena of religions and to the religions. So the course will discuss the question, whether philosophy of religion can do without metaphysics and metaphysical questions or which tasks and forms of reflections will be left from religious phenomena, when we approach the phenomenon of religion in a post-metaphysical way.
Requirements for credit: regular attendance and active participation(3 ECTS).