We want to look at care in the community from two viewpoints – the process of resettling the residents of institutions and organisation of the community’s response. We want to explore the possibilities of deinstitutionalisation that are given by methods of personalised and individualised care but also what are the community resources, informal care that is available and how the community is ready to accept people who have been hitherto “banished”. The obstacles of the system and the resistance of the community have to be explored (e.g. violence against elderly and/or disabled people) and we will look at how these can be better handled in the community and how this issue connects to poverty, boredom, and alienation within communities. The aim is to analyse what are the issues that need to be looked at and tackled in everyday practice and policy, to explore different ways of modelling care and collective action and to include existing research evidence and examples of good practice. The economic, political, organisational, methodical, technical and everyday life contingencies, responses and possibilities for personal care as well as support for ordinary responses of the environment will be examined. We will explore the above raised issues from the perspective of introducing long-term care systems for people who need long-term mental and physical distress, disability, be they young or older people. We will also look at how to prevent the need for long-term care, and how to attempt to contain it outside institutions, within ordinary communities.